Nagaon District Profile

District Profile

Brahmaputra flows along the northern periphery of the district. Other major tributaries meandering through the district such as Kolong, Kopili drain into the Brahmaputra. Agriculture is the predominant economic activity of the people of the district. Next to agriculture, handloom and weaving is the main industrial activity Among the major agricultural products are rice, sugarcane, mustard, jute, coconuts, bananas and vegetables. Many rice and oil mills have come up over the years. The jute and sugar sector have made a mark and many small scale industrial units have also developed recently. The Agar wood (Aquilaria sp. and Gyrinops sp. trees) perfume is one of the unique features of the district, which is considered as one of the most expensive natural raw materials in the world. Besides these, economy of Nagaon district also includes another major sector that is fisheries and there has been a lot of development in aquaculture technologies during last decade.

On the administrative front, Nagaon district has 3 civil sub divisions namely Nagaon, Kaliabor, Hojai with 10 revenue circles and 18 development blocks, 240 Gram Panchayats and 1375 Villages. Out of 1375 villages only around 250 villages are linked with motorized black top roads. National Highway-36 and 37 pass through the district and are the main supply lines to district. The district has 2230 Primary Schools, 575 Middle Schools, 301 High Schools, 57 Higher Secondary Schools and 3 Junior Colleges. Majority of the rural population is dependent on the educational infrastructure within the district. Health facilities in the district are divided into 15 Civil Hospitals, 38 PHCs. and 33 Govt. Dispensaries.

Vulnerability Analysis

Nagaon falls under Seismic Zone V and witnessed two major earthquakes in the region. The Assam-Tibet Earthquake of 1950 measuring 8.5 in the Richter scale was the worst felt earthquake in the district and nearly 4000 people lost their life in the State. As one of the densely populated district of Assam and with increased density of urban population over the period combined with haphazard growth the risk from earthquake has increased manifold.

The Brahmaputra, along with its tributaries like Kollong & Kopili has been the main determinant of flood in the district of Nagaon. This is the main reason of flood in the villages of the Hojai, Dabaka, Kampur, Raha, Nagaon, Samaguri & Koliabor Revenue Circle of the District.

Besides natural hazards, the Nagaon town is also vulnerable to human induced hazards like fires, accidents etc. While fire accident occurs due to urban localities and thatched roof houses, road mishaps are frequently occurred due to reckless driving and poor road conditions.

The Brahmaputra has been the main determinant of flood in the district of Dibrugarh. Increase of the water level of mighty Brahmaputra along with its sub-tributary Buridihing leads to inundation of the catchment areas and causes flood. It causes a back flow of the water of its tributaries causing flood. This is the main reason of flood in the villages of the Chabua, Dibrugarh East, Dibrugarh West, Tengakhat & Moran Revenue Circle of the District. This type of back flow causes flood in places like Madhupur forest village area, Kolakhowa area, Garudhoria area under Dibrugarh West Revenue Circle. The Dibrugarh city also experience recurrent urban flooding and water logging in its main hub areas are common during monsoon and inundated frequently due to excessive rainfall and flooding by the River Brahmaputra.

Presence of major industries like the Asia’s first oil refinery-Digboi, head quarter of Oil India Ltd., Namrup Fertilizer industry and upcoming Brahmaputra Cracker Polymer Limited are situated either in Dibrugarh or its nearby districts. Moreover, the entire district has many oil and natural gas rigs owned by the Oil India Limited and Oil and Natural Gas Commission making the whole district prone to chemical & industrial disaster as well.

Besides natural & industrial hazards, the city is also vulnerable to human induced hazards like fires, accidents etc. While fire accident occurs due to urban localities and thatched roof houses, road mishaps are frequently occurred due to reckless driving and poor road conditions.