State Profile

Assam, which was well known as “Pragjyotishpura” in Mahabharata times, has a rich green land of rolling plains and dense forests. Assam is the gateway to the north eastern part of India viz. Arunachal Pradesh, Nagaland, Manipur, Mizoram, Tripura and Meghalaya. These states are connected to the rest of India via Assam's border with West Bengal and a narrow strip called the "Chicken's Neck." Assam also shares international borders with Bhutan and Bangladesh. It spans around 78,438 km² and population over 31,169,272 (census 2011). The mighty Brahmaputra River that has its origins in Tibet flows through the state. Assam is a multihazard State prone to floods, earthquake, storms and landslide besides man made disasters. It falls under seismic zone V making the entire State prone to earthquake of moderate to very high intensity. Also the State faces acute flood & erosion problem. Assam has a history of disasters ranging from large earthquakes to severe floods. This has impeded the development gains of the State by many times. Therefore, to sustain the pace of development initiative by minimising losses, the Government of Assam envisages building a State Prepared and Disaster Resilient.